Research Forum Exploration of Local History
|Stanley D. Stevens
|Posted: Sat May 16, 2009 12:37 pm
Joined: 12 Apr 2007
Location: Santa Cruz
|Source: Santa Cruz Sentinel 1859 Jul 23 4:5
ADOPTED BY THE ANTI-LECOMPTION
STATE CONVENTION HELD AT SACRAMENTO June 22, 1859.
Resolved, That we re-affirm the principles set forth in the Cincinnati platform, and recognise [sic] it as an authoritative exposition of the Democratic creed.
Resolved, That in order to preserve the peace and harmony of the Union, and prevent the frequent recurrence of sectional agitation, it is essential that the people of the territories should be allowed to legislate or omit to legislate on the subject of slavery, as well as upon other matters of domestic policy, according to their own will, without any interference, direct or indirect, on the part of either Congress or the executive.
Resolved, That the right of the people of the Territories to form all their domestic institutions in their own way is absolute and complete, and that we are unalterably opposed to any interference with such right, either by the Legislative or Executive Department of the General Government. And further
Resolved, That the doctrine of “intervention” by Congress to establish a Slave Code for the Territories, assumed by the Administration adherents, is a gross departure from the principles of the True Democracy, as laid down in the platform made at Cincinnati, and we repudiate it as the heresy of a faction, and condemn it as an outrage upon the great charter of American liberty.
Resolved, That the administration of James Buchanan, by its outrages on the rights and the people of Kansas, its unrelenting proscription of tried and worthy Democratic principles, its constant violation of the pledges which brought it into life, its attempts to make the Legislative subject to the executive department, and its gross extravagancies, mismanagement and corruption, has forfeited the respect and lost the confidence of the American people.
Resolved, That the immediate construction of the Pacific Railroad ought to be encouraged by the Federal and State Governments, by all means in their power; and that, meanwhile, the mail service by the Overland Routes should be sustained and increased.
Resolved, That our State Judiciary needs a thorough and complete reformation, and that the Constitution, should be so changed as to increase the number of Judges of the Supreme court, and insure a speedy, honest and faithful administration of justice.
Resolved, That in the opinion of this convention, Congress should enact a law to protect actual and bona fide settlers on public lands in their just rights.
Resolved, That we, as a Convention representing the true Democracy of California, adhere with unfaltering firmness to the principles of Democracy as taught by Thomas Jefferson, which guided the counsels of the immortal Jackson.
Resolved, That when this Convention adjourns, its member adjourn to meet as citizens at the polls in the ides of September, and that by our labors and our voices there, we will show to the world that the Freemen of California are unbought by Federal patronage, and will stand by the sacred principles of Democracy in defiance of treacherous Presidents and their Cabinets.
—— —●— ——
Source: Santa Cruz Pacific Sentinel 1859 Aug 7 2:3 Friday
The Anti-Lecomption Democratic county convention met on Monday the first day of August, 1859, at the town of Santa Cruz, Judge H. Rice, was elected as chairman of the convention, and F. A. Hihn as Secretary.
On motion the Chairman appointed Dr. Charles Ford, Thos. Beck, and J. Sloane, as a committee on credentials.
The committee on credentials reported the names of the delegates entitled to seats in the convention.
The roll being now called and several delegates not answering to their names, and being absent it was resolved that the Santa Cruz delegation fill up the vacancies from Santa Cruz, and that the Pajaro delegation, cast the votes of those delegates absent from Pajaro.
On motion the Chairman appointed a committee of three of each precinct to draft Resolutions.
The following resolutions were then presented and unanimously adopted.
Resolved, That we endorse the action and nominations of the Anti-Lecomption Democratic State convention held in June last and we give them our hearty support and adopt the following principles.
Resolved, That the organized Territories of the United States are only held in the Territorial condition until they attain a sufficient number of inhabitants to authorize their admission into the Union as States, and therefore are justly entitled to the right of self government, and the undisturbed regulation of their own domestic or local affairs, subject only to the constitution of the United States.
Resolved, That any attempt by Congress or any of the States to establish or maintain, promote or abolish the relation of master and slave in a Territory would be a departure from the original doctrine of our American inhabitants, and that we hereby declare our unalterable determination, to adhere with unfaltering fidelity to the principles of popular sovereignty, and non-intervention by Congress with slavery in the States and Territories, as declared in the Kansas Nebraska bill, and openly and fearlessly disclaim fellowship with those, whether at the South or the North, or the East or West, who counsel or in any manner encourage the abandonment or avoidance of that principle.
Resolved, That we affirm the absolute sovereignty of the States of the Union in regard to their domestic institutions and the perfect compatibility of the confederation of free and slave States to exist harmoniously together under the provisions of our Federal Constitution and that the persevering efforts of the disunion fire-eaters of the South and the Abolitionists of the North to foment sectional strife and animosities between citizens of the North and South should be denounced by every true hearted patriot and lover of this country.
Resolved, That we recognize the right of the people of Territories as well as in the States to regulate and make their own laws in regard to their domestic affairs, subject only to the constitution of the United States, and we utterly deny the right of Congress either to legislate slavery into any Territory or to prohibit the same, contrary to the wishes of the people thereof.
Resolved, That it is the right and duty of the Government of the United States, to protect the right of its adopted citizens wherever dispersed, so long as they hold allegiance to the Government of the United States, and that we deny the right of any nation to exercise any control over the personal rights of adopted citizens, where at home or abroad; and that in matters of personal protection and security, we recognize no difference between our native born and adopted citizens.
The Convention then proceeded to nominate a county ticket, whereupon the following gentleman were nominated.
For member of the Assembly, James Halstead; for County Clerk, T. T. Tidball; for Sheriff, John T. Porter; for Assessor, A. P. Sanford; for District Attorney, J. P. Stearns; for Treasurer, John F. Pinkham; for Public Administrator, L. Farnham; for Coroner, Dr. Charles Burrell.
The convention then proceeded to the election of county central committee, whereupon the following gentlemen were elected.
Wm. N. Anderson, Dr. Charles Ford, Edward Porter, John Hames, Elihu Anthony, Henry Rice, F. A. Hihn, and Braddock Weeks.
The San Francisco News and Sacramento Register are requested to publish the above resolutions.
The Convention then adjourned, sine die.
Source: Santa Cruz Pacific Sentinel 1859 Aug 26 2:2-3 Friday
The Anti-Lecomption Meeting
A large political meeting was held in Santa Cruz on Wednesday evening, the largest gathering witnessed in our town for some time. The meeting assembled for the purpose of attending the discussion of the political topics of the day, in which it had been announced that the Hon. D. C. Broderick, and the Hon. J. C. McKibben would participate. A committee of the party to which those gentlemen belong, started from town at an early period in the afternoon, for the purpose of meeting them on the road and escorting them to the town accompanied by an escort in wagons and on horseback. About 6 o’clock they arrived accompanied by the band, their approach and arrival being announced by the blasting of cannon from the hill. The guests were quartered at the Exchange Hotel. In the evening a considerable portion of the town in the vicinity of the speaking was illuminated. The balconies of the buildings commanding a view, were filled with ladies. The meeting was called to order by Judge Rice, who, after some remarks introduced Mr. Broderick to the audience.
Mr. Broderick, commenced by saying [“] just before I began speaking I saw a flag on the house over yonder, with the name of Milton S. Latham on it, but I don’t see it now[”]—(Voice from house, “Some of your friends have carried it off.) I have carefully refrained during this canvass from charging him with the infamous crimes of which he is guilty, and should not notice him now if his friends had not displayed that flag (Voice, “Oh, yes some of you Black Republicans stole the flag.”)
Broderick—Are you a white man? if you are you should conduct yourself properly in this meeting. (Voice, “Yes, as good as any Five-pointer.”)
Broderick—Oh, you’re a dirty vagabond !
This man Latham who is a candidate for your suffrages is unworthy of your support, I have spoken of him before in connection with the Senatorial election, but I have never alluded to this Golden Key matter, where it is proven that he offered $8,000 or something like that to bribe the Supreme Court to decide a case in favor of his client. I never alluded to it because I made up my mind that the people intend to leave him at home, and I advise you friends of his at work for him over there to get your money from him before the election, for you will never get any afterwards.
I will now read to you Judge Terry’s statement with regard to this man Latham, for the purpose of introducing and reading an affidavit sent to me to-day—a solemnly sworn statement made by a gentleman who is the Assessor of Nevada county. Mr. B. then read Judge Terry’s statement as published in the card of Judge Beatty; and then the statement of the Assessor of Nevada county, which was to the effect that the deponent had heard J. R. McConnell, declare that he had been instructed by the Judges of the Supreme Court to commence proceedings against Latham, on a charge of bribery.
Mr. Broderick continued: If Latham’s friends had left this flag down this evening I would not have said anything about him.
If Buchanan or his corrupt administration has any friends here I am prepared to make serious charges against them. The speaker then charged the Administration with corruption and opposition to the Pacific Rail Road.
I could make some charges against Dr. Gwin, but as Dr. Gwin is a very small personage in this canvass I shall let him alone.
Mr. Broderick then spoke on the Kansas question, and repeated his version of the resolutions instructing him to vote for the Lecompton Constitution, and said when the resolutions were passed, no copy of that constitution had ever reached the Legislature. Mr. B. then repeated his remarks, which have heretofore been published in the Sacramento Union. Dr. Gwin has been telling the people through the State that by these resolutions the Legislature had disgraced me!—
It is important that you, fellow-citizens in selecting members for the next Legislature, send men who are not pliant, and who can’t be moulded by Dr. Gwin or Milton S. Latham.
Mr. Broderick again referred to the administration of Mr. Buchanan, and said: The fiat of the administration has already gone forth in favor of opening a direct slave trade with Africa, and in favor of intervention to foist slavery into the Territories. They will tell you these are not the issues, but I say, they are, and if they carry this State, they will after the election claim that these were the issues carried before the people, I desire here to read to you an extract on this subject from a speech recently made by Mr. Stephens of Georgia: “Shall the African Slave trade be re-opened,” etc., (reads from speech.) This is the real issue—you fellow-citizens who are laborers and have white faces, must have black competitors, and it is for you who have white faces, and labor with your hands to say whether this corrupt Administration shall be overthrown or not.
The chairman of your meeting to-night in his remarks introducing me to you, has spoken of my checking the Federal vultures who, with their bills were picking the dollars from your pockets. It is true gentlemen that I did in the Senate of the United States, state that in California the price of provisions and cost of living was very much less than formerly—and I asked to have the Custom House salaries reduced in proportion. I saw these fellows well dressed and wearing large gold chains—much larger than mine, and were to be found at the drinking shops early in the dawn to late in the evening—and if I did not have it before, I have earned the hostility of every Federal office holder in the State. Mr. Broderick then gave a history of the Lime Point affair, as heretofore published in the Sacramento Union. After a few more remarks, which we have neither time nor space to publish the speaker retired amid considerable applause.
Mr. McKibben next ascended the platform, and commenced speaking when the meeting was interrupted by some noisy men seated in a wagon in close proximity to the platform. The boys immediately rallied and rolled the wagon with its occupants from the ground. After order had been restored, Mr. McKibben spoke at some length, in opposition to the policy of the Administration, and explained and defined his position on the political questions of the day.
Mr. A. H. Myers of Alameda, next ascended the platform, and spoke at some length. Judge Watson was called to the stand, and made a few remarks and retired.
Mr. John Nutter was next called to the stand and amid the yelling and hooting of the crowd, which at this time had become uproarious; he was excruciatingly complimentary to Mr. Broderick—sung and humored the audience—spoke in favor of the election of John Burke Phillips, of Monterey to the State Senate; then pitched into Judge J. H. Watson, generally, made some good points, and made use of unbecoming language in several instances—such as should never fall from the lips of a public speaker.
The crowd soon after dispersed. Yesterday morning Mr. Broderick returned to San Francisco, and Mr. McKibben proceeded to Watsonville where he was to address the citizens that evening. ###
Stanley D. Stevens
Coordinator, Hihn-Younger Archive, University Library, UCSC;
Chairman, MAH History Publications Committee
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